+34 96 321 87 28
info@kupakia.com
Agencia Marketing Digital en Valencia

Como bloquear Robots por htacces y la importancia para el SEO

Que es el archivo htacces

Se utiliza en Apache,  y así por encima para no aburrir mucho, es un acceso de hipertexto en el que se contienen directivas que afectan a nuestro alojamiento o servidor web

Como editar el htacces

Basta con ir al ftp y localizarlo. Si teneis wordpress y plugins de seguridad ya se habrán generado reglas adicionales, os aconsejo tener mucho cuidado al tocarlo y no hacer tonterías porque podéis cargaros el acceso a la web o desindexar la web. Por tanto antes de guardar siempre hacer copia de seguridad del archivo .htacess o estaréis muy jodidos xD

htacces-bloquear-robot-ipComo bloquear Robots o crawlers por htacces

Los 200 crawlers más importantes (copiar en vuestro htacces)

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*AIBOT.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ASPSeek.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Abacho.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*AdoSpeaker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*AhrefsBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Alexibot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Aqua_Products.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*asterias.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*b2w/0.1.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BackDoorBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BacklinkCrawler.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BlackWidow.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BlekkoBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BlowFish.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Bookmark\ search\ tool.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BotALot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Bot\ mailto:craftbot@yahoo.com.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BuiltBotTough.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Bullseye.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*BunnySlippers.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*CheeseBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*CherryPicker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ChinaClaw.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Copernic.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*CopyRightCheck.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*cosmos.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Crescent.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Custo.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*DISCo.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*DittoSpyder.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*dotbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Download\ Demon.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*dumbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*eCatch.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*EirGrabber.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*email.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*EmailCollector.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*EmailSiphon.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*EmailWolf.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Enterprise_Search.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*EroCrawler.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*exabot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Express\ WebPictures.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ExtractorPro.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*EyeNetIE.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*FairAd\ Client.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Flaming\ AttackBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*FlashGet.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Foobot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Gaisbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*GetRight.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*GetWeb!.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*gigabot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Go!Zilla.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Go-Ahead-Got-It.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*GrabNet.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Grafula.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*grub.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Harvest.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Hatena\ Antenna.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*hloader.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*HMView.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*httplib.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*HTTrack.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*humanlinks.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ia_archiver.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Image\ Stripper.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Image\ Sucker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Indy\ Library.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*InfoNaviRobot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*InterGET.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Internet\ Ninja.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Iron33.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*JennyBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Jetbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*JetCar.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*JOC\ Web\ Spider.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Kenjin.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Keyword.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*larbin.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*LeechFTP.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*LexiBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*libWeb/clsHTTP.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*LinkextractorPro.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*LinkScan.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*LinkWalker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*LNSpiderguy.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*looksmart.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*lwp-trivial.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Marketing.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Mass\ Downloader.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Mata\ Hari.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Microsoft\ URL\ Control.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*MIDown\ tool.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*MIIxpc.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Mister\ PiX.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*MJ12bot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*moget.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*MSIECrawler.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*naver.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Navroad.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*NearSite.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*NetAnts.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*NetMechanic.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*NetSpider.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*NetZIP.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Net\ Vampire.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*NICErsPRO.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Nutch.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Octopus.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Offline\ Explorer.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Offline\ Navigator.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Openbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Openfind.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Oracle\ Ultra\ Search.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Owlinbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*PageGrabber.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Papa\ Foto.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*pavuk.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*pcBrowser.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*PerMan.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ProPowerBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ProWebWalker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*proximic.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*psbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Python-urllib.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*QueryN.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Radiation\ Retriever\ 1.1.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*RealDownload.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*ReGet.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*RMA.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*rogerbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*scooter.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Screaming.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SearchEngineWorld.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SearchmetricsBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*searchpreview.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Semrush.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SEO.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*seolytics.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*sistrix.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SiteSnagger.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SmartDownload.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*sootle.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SpankBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*spanner.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*spy.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Stanford.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SuperBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SuperHTTP.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Surfbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*SurveyBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*suzuran.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Szukacz.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*tAkeOut.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Teleport.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Telesoft.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*TheNomad.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*The\ Intraformant.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*toCrawl/UrlDispatcher.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*True_Robot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*turingos.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Updownerbot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*URLy\ Warning.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*URL_Spider_Pro.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*VCI.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*VoidEYE.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebAuto.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebBandit.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebCopier.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebEnhancer.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebFetch.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebGo\ IS.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebLeacher.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebmasterWorld.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebReaper.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebSauger.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*website.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Website\ eXtractor.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Website\ Quester.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Webster.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebStripper.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebVac.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebViewer.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebWhacker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebZip.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WebZIP.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Web\ Image\ Collector.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Web\ Sucker.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Wget.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Widow.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WWW-Collector-E.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*WWWOFFLE.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Xaldon\ WebSpider.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Xenu.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*XoviBot.*$ [NC,OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*yacybot.*$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*Zeus.*$ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^8484_Boston_Project [NC,OR]
RewriteRule ^ – [L,R=404]

Algunos crawlers importantes para tareas SEO

Estos son algunos crawlers que nos ayudan a mejorar tanto el seo on page como el off page, en algunas ocasiones puede interesar bloquearlos para que que la competencia no vea ciertos datos o pueda escanearnos y comprar algún dominio caducado que se nos ha despistado y hacer la típica redirección 301, pero hay que valorarlo ya que nos puede estropear el historial y perfil de enlaces de algunas herramientas. En la lista de arriba los tenéis, si no queréis  bloquear alguno de ellos basta con eliminar la línea

Os dejo el acceso a la documentación de cada Robot y/o herramienta donde hay características avanzadas

www.ahrefs.com: AhrefsBot (ver documentación)
www.linkresearchtools.com (ver documentación)
www.majesticseo.com: MJ12bot (ver documentación)
www.opensiteexplorer.org: rogerbot (ver documentación)
www.screamingfrog.co.uk: Screaming Frog SEO Spider (ver documentación)
www.searchmetrics.com: SearchmetricsBot (ver documentación)
www.semrush.com: SemrushBot (ver documentación)
www.seokicks.de: SEOkicks-Robot (ver documentación)
www.sistrix.de: Sistrix (ver documentación)
www.xovi.de: XoviBot (ver documentación)

Guia avanzada de htacces

Si tienes dudas de como editarlo o te gustaría aprender más sobre htacces te recomendamos este artículo, donde descubrirás otras funciones avanzadas y trucos para mejorar la velocidad carga , seguridad (bloquear ips) y mucho mas

guia-htacces

Uso de cookies

Este sitio web utiliza cookies para que usted tenga la mejor experiencia de usuario. Si continúa navegando está dando su consentimiento para la aceptación de las mencionadas cookies y la aceptación de nuestra política de cookies, pinche el enlace para mayor información. ACEPTAR

Aviso de cookies